Most of the palms listed below can be grown a half zone colder than that listed, if provided with protection during the winter, such as a wind block and adequate mulch. Under no circumstances should nails be driven into a palm trunk. It is best to immediately install field-grown palms as soon as they arrive. Broadcast or scatter the fertilizer under the entire canopy. Tie the remaining leaves together in a bundle around the bud with biodegradable twine. The native habitat is similar to the needle palm, but the dwarf palmetto is much more common. Pruning Palms: As indicated in many deficiencies, the damaged foliage may not recover, but the new growth in the bud should demonstrate good health if this fertility program is maintained. They are very tolerant of salt spray. Watering: Water the palm deeply and thoroughly immediately after planting. Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix): Needle palms are truly beautiful native plants that occur naturally in river floodplains of the Southeast, mostly below the fall line. Hardy palms are any of the species of palm that are able to withstand brief periods of colder temperatures and even occasional snowfall. It must have some shade in zone 8b. Small Palm Trees Guide: Types That Grow 4 – 20 feet tall {PRO Tips} Share. Some types of palms have a single trunk and can be used as solitary specimen plants while others are clumping and are used in groups. Most are only able to grow in the tropics and a good number can be grown in subtropical climates and a few can even grow in a mild temperate climate. North Carolina has warm areas where you can grow cold hardy palms. Windmill palms cannot take direct salt spray. Under good growing conditions this palm can grow 1 to 2 feet per year. Their growth rate is usually moderate and a mature height of 30 feet is common in our area, Distinctive leaf bases on cabbage palm Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Cycads can also make wonderful specimen plants or can be used along with palms or many other plants to create a tropical landscape. They are common in their native habitat, which ranges on the southeastern coast from southern North Carolina to the northern panhandle of Florida. Once this palm is established it is extremely drought-tolerant. They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 7b (protected) to 8b, and do best with ample water. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. There are hundreds of different types, with the larger, taller, skinnier, varieties thriving in the warmest climes. Be careful not to injure the bud. 2. The large size and fast growth rate require special consideration in the landscape. ALL PALM TREES ARE BACKED WITH 6 MONTHS WARRANTY. Needle palm is hardy in all areas of South Carolina. The normal July temperatures run from 89-92°F(31-33°C) while the normal January temperatures run from 50-59°F(10-15°C). In times of drought or particularly hot weather, be sure to water your plants thoroughly. They need well-drained soil and will thrive on a site with limestone. The cabbage palm is the favorite palm for landscapers. Five layers of folded burlap are placed beneath each board to minimize any trunk damage, and two nylon straps are used to hold the boards in place against the trunk. They are rare to the point of endangerment and are often found growing over limestone. Copyright © 2021 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Saltwater Intrusion Remediation on Turfgrass, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. #2. You can also try our Tree Gator watering drip bags around your newly-planted trees and shrubs in this area. Cycads are considered to be “living fossils,” that is, they are primitive plants that were a dominant form of plant life during the dinosaur era. Such damage is permanent, and provides entryway for pathogens and possibly insect pests as well. North Carolina Palm Trees. Mulch should not touch the base of the trunk. Chemical control of diseases and insects on large trees may not be feasible since adequate coverage of the foliage with a pesticide may not be possible. Find out more about this interesting palm variety here. Wholesale Palm Trees in Charleston, South Carolina. This is the time of active root activity for this tree. Top 10 Mistakes When Planting Palms. Prefers a rich, fertile, loamy soil, but will tolerate most types of soil. It is a large, tall palm with a single unbranching trunk that grows to about 50 feet. Windmill Palm $ 500.00. Palm trees grow naturally in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Texas, Arizona, California and Hawaii. When you visit our nursery, you can explore our wide selection of plants and seedlings. Click to see full answer Beside this, do palm trees grow in South Carolina? Nitrogen and potassium rates should be equivalent and all or at least some of the elements should be available in slow-release form. The trunk can be up to 2 feet across. It is very important not to plant palms any deeper than they were originally grown. Sago Palm $ 250.00. Click here for Palm Trees in Stock. For more information about nutritional deficiencies and how to correct the problems, refer to HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems. If you are looking for a coconut palm look-alike that can handle the South Carolina cold, this is the tree for you. Multi-trunk palms make excellent specimen or accent plants. The windmill palm grows best with ample water, but will not tolerate standing water or a high water table. It is considered the world’s hardiest palm, and large, established specimens in good sites can easily take short periods of -5 °F. This causes wounds that can lead to disease or insect infestation. We offer a variety of exotic plants, including yucca palm trees, cacti, and cold-hardy palms in South Mills, NC. Symptoms include yellowing, streaking or even spotting of the fronds. One of the critical factors that determines where palms and cycads can be grown in South Carolina is their cold hardiness. Read about the specifics for your state in the following sections. In South Carolina, the sago palm (Cycas revoluta) is grown in the eastern part of the state. Needle palms can be used in clumps or as single specimens. #3. If centipedegrass is grown within 30 feet of a palm being fertilized, it is recommended that the rate be reduced to no more than three applications at a rate of 1 pound of 12-4-12 per 100 square feet or 10 pounds per 1,000 square feet. It has large, blue-green leaves with threadlike strands of fiber hanging off of each leaf. Small Trees. The trunk of this palm is brown and is usually covered with a burlap-like substance. In South Carolina this palm is considered hardy in zone 8b and marginally hardy in zone 8a. Sabal palms are salt tolerant, drought tolerant, frost tolerant and they are widely adaptable to any soil type. Be sure to fertilize only during the growing season (between April 1 and August 1). Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei): These palms have a single, slender (1 foot or less in diameter) trunk with fan-shaped leaves similar to the needle palm. For more information about palms, refer to HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. The typical size of the clump is about 5 feet high and wide, although it can eventually reach 10 feet high and wide. The result is that K within the palms is diluted by this new growth, making the K deficiency worse than if no fertilizer had been applied. The Mexican fan palm however, has a slender trunk usually less than one foot across. Remember that it is important to have good drainage and not to overwater. The fan-shaped foliage of this dwarf palm may be green to a bluish-gray. The appearance of substantial amounts of new leaves indicates that establishment is successful. Large Trees. Newly planted palms should not be fertilized until they put out a new spear. Whether it’s neighborhood height restrictions or personal preference, there are plenty of small palm trees to suit a variety of landscaping needs. Caring for Trees & Plants in South Carolina. They are very slow-growing and long-lived. Sabal Palmetto Palm $ 250.00 – $ 350.00. Christmas Tree Palm Three equidistantly-spaced braces are used to support the palm. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1019 | Updated: Dec 1, 2007 | Print. The state tree of Florida and South Carolina, cabbage palm is also remarkably cold hardy, surviving temps of 10 to 15°F. Windmill palms are one of the most cold hardy of palms and are hardy in South Carolina from zones 7b to 8b. Nancy Doubrava, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Associate Extension Specialist, Clemson University, Carlin Munnerlyn, Retired Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson UniversityJoey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Mature palms in the landscape should optimally receive a granular fertilizer formulated for palms (“palm special “) that contains additional magnesium and a complete micronutrient amendment. Palms and cycads are truly beautiful plants that enhance any landscape with their tropical appearance. There is also evidence that over trimming makes the palm more susceptible to cold damage. Saw palmettos grow best in a location that has full sun or very light shade and is well-drained. Cabbage Palm or Palmetto (Sabal palmetto): The cabbage palm is the state tree of South Carolina and is commonly seen near coastal areas. Leaves are dark green and can be 2 to 3 feet across. Unlike the saw palmetto, the dwarf palmetto does not have spiny leaf stems and does not spread over a large area. Common insects that affect palms include spider mites, palm leaf skeletonizers and scale insects. This palm is not quite as hardy as the palmetto palm and requires winter protection below 15 ºF. Close to the warmer waters of the Atlantic, Charleston is an ideal location to plant the Sabal Palm as well as other cold hardy palms. Three standard 2 by 4 boards are leaned against the trunk at a 45 degree angle, and the ends nailed or screwed into the short boards that are held against the trunk. Larger palms will require some form of bracing to maintain stability during the first six to eight months after installation. Supplemental irrigation is necessary unless adequate rainfall is received during this period. The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov.In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place. Following a regular, balanced fertilization program for palms is important, especially in the sandy regions such as the outer Coastal Plain, where micronutrient deficiencies typically occur. South Carolina as a whole is pretty good climate-wise for sustaining palm trees. Supplement with 1″ of irrigation water per week during periods of little or no rainfall. This high N can promote growth in the palms that is not supported by K levels in the soil or fertilizer. Although the Mexican fan palm grows reasonably well in zone 8b, a better choice for most of the Southeast would probably be a hybrid of the two species known as Washingtonia x filibusta. Fertilizers should be broadcast over the area below the palm canopy. This decline can only be reversed by removing the backfill from the suffocated root initiation zone or replanting the palm. This palm is drawing a good deal of interest as it has an incredible tropical appearance but grows in … Cannas (Canna x generalis), also called yellow King Humbert cannas, are tropical plants found in South Carolina. Sabal Palmettos are native to Coastal South Carolina and those are the most commonly planted palm in that area. Palm trees are a type of flowering plant with approximately 2600 subspecies. The tree species illustrated in this booklet are only a few of the more common trees you will find in South Carolina. Where practical, misting or irrigation of the foliage may reduce water loss during the transplant process, though there is a risk of increasing disease problems in the canopy. South Carolina Wildlife Federation, 455 St. Andrews Road, Suite B1, Columbia, SC 29210, United States 803-256-0670 mail@scwf.org Fifteen degrees below zero is usually fatal, although plants have been known to recover from this temperature. Some types of palms have a single trunk and can be used as solitary specimen plants while others are clumping and are used in groups. They are very adaptable to different soil types, but do best in sandy soil with some limestone, such as might be found in old shell-mounds near the beach. Therefore, the Mule Palm is a perfect combination of the two. They are a low, spreading, fan-type palm with stiff leaves and saw-tooth-like leaf stems. Palm Reading. With more than 2,000 palm tree types choosing the right one for your home or business can seem like a daunting task. For palms in the Piedmont, apply fertilizer in three applications. They are reasonably drought-hardy once established and will tolerate some salt spray. While palms may be more familiar along our coast, with the right mix of temperature, palm species and care, they can grow anywhere in South Carolina.They are cold hardy on all but the highest mountains in South Carolina.Needle palms, native to South Carolina, are considered the most cold-hardy palm species. New growth is damaged at -10 °F. Sago Palm used as an entrance accent plant Karen Russ, ©2007 HGIC, Clemson Extension. If these trees remind you of beaches in South Carolina and Florida, that is because Palmetto palms are the official tree of these states. We used them in container gardening in Michigan, but down here in North Carolina, they can grow a few feet high, and they attract flocks of butterflies, bees, and humming birds. It is native to the Southern United States, as well as Cuba, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and the Bahamas. In coastal regions, they are an aggressive spreader. Only remove completely dead and loose leaves, badly damaged or diseased leaves and fruit, and flower stalks when pruning a palm. The root ball and surrounding backfill should remain evenly moist, but never saturated during the first four to six months after installation. Native needle palm. They tolerate salt spray and are drought-hardy once established. To brace the palm tree, three 12 inch lengths of 2 by 4 inch boards are positioned vertically on the trunk at one third the height of the palm. Cabbage palms prefer full sun to light shade. The most widely used cultivar in South Carolina is 'Red Shield'. Apply mulch around the trunk, keeping a small circle (several inches) around the trunk free of mulch. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Sabal palm is state tree and on the flag of South Carolina. The root ball and surrounding backfill should remain evenly moist for the first six to eight months after installation. The number one reason for death of newly planted palms is poor watering practices. Plant this palm in full sun to light shade. They grow best in full sun in a location that is well-drained. Palm trees can be successfully grown in the warm zones of North Carolina. Here are my top 5 favorite beautiful South Carolina native trees that are large, fast-growing, and long-lived. The trunk is often wider at the top than the bottom. South Carolina has a moist subtropical atmosphere, with sweltering summers and gentle winters. Jelly Palm, Pindo Palm (Butia capitata): This is the most commonly cultivated exotic palm in the Southeast. The sago palm is one of the most popular types of cyads grown. Do not apply it in a ring around the base of the tree or up against the trunk. In the Southeast, this palm grows best in light to medium shade. Turfgrass fertilizers typically have high N:K ratios and contain little magnesium or micronutrients. They are a clumping understory palm with many palmate, deep-green leaves that have silvery undersides. South Carolina is a great home for a cold hardy palm. It has moderate salt tolerance. The normal July temperatures run from 89-92°F(31-33°C) while the normal January temperatures run … Your Source for Cold-Hardy Palms in South Mills, NC. Soil conditions in some parts of South Carolina are less than ideal for growing palms and cycads. California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera): This palm can be truly immense and fast-growing. Insects & Diseases: Diseases that may affect palms and cycads include fungal leaf spots and root rots. These “palm specials ” are especially recommended for palms growing on the outer coastal plain where micronutrient deficiencies are common. What … The mulch should not be mounded like a volcano, but flat like a pancake. Care of the Bud & Fronds: The greatest loss of water in newly dug palms occurs from transpiration through the leaves. These are the only places in the United States where palm trees grow native to the surrounding environment. These fertilizer numbers refer to the nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), and magnesium (Mg) content. Pictures of Palm Trees are separated by the variety of Palm species. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 8a to 8b. The state also gets tornadoes in some of the stronger storms that roll through, as well as hurricanes in the fall. They grow best in light shade with adequate moisture and are not very tolerant of salt spray. The dwarf palmetto is hardy in all areas of South Carolina. Mexican Fan Palm (Washingtonia robusta): This palm is native to Baja California and greatly resembles the California fan palm when young. Royal Empress Trees– Ideal for providing fast-growing shade, year-round beauty, and drought resistance. It will tolerate some salt spray. Cycads make an excellent accent in sun and shade. South Carolina is home to a wide variety of trees, some living no where in the world, not to mention some of the oldest and longest living in the world. They are distinguishable by their large evergreen leaves that grow from a stem with no branches. We only sell the very best, healthy palm trees that we back with our amazing warranty. North Carolina has a moist subtropical atmosphere with short mellow winters and warm damp summers. It is almost impossible to transplant, therefore it is best to use container-grown plants. It can reach a height of 10 feet, although 3 to 5 feet is more common. Multi-trunk palms make excellent specimen or accent plants. 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